Будущее совершенное продолженное время в прошедшем – это форма глагола, которая заменяет Future Perfect Continuous в придаточных предложениях, когда сказуемое главного предложения выражено глаголом в прошедшем времени (согласно закону согласования времен). Future Perfect Continuous in the Past, как и Future Perfect Continuous, переводятся на русский язык будущим временем глагола несовершенного вида.
- Например: I knew you would have been waiting for us by two o’clock. – Я знал, что Вы будете нас ждать к двум часам.
Отметим, что данная форма глагола в современном английском языке употребляется крайне редко и, в основном, используется в официально-деловом стиле (например, в документах).
Будущее совершенное продолженное время в прошедшем образуется так же, как и Future Perfect Continuous, только вместо вспомогательного глагола will используется вспомогательный глагол would. Затем – комбинация have been + смысловой глагол с окончанием –ing во всех лицах и числах.
Следовательно, для образования этой формы времени используется конструкция:
would have been + смысловой глагол с окончанием –ing.
Иногда еще в первом лице единственного и множественного числа вместо вспомогательного глагола would используется глагол should, однако на данный момент это – уже устаревшая форма (равно как и использование глагола shall для обозначения других будущих времен).
В качестве примера проспрягаем глагол to wait в будущем совершенном продолженном времени.
|единственное число||множественное число|
|1 лицо||I would have been waiting||1 лицо||we would have been waiting|
|2 лицо||you would have been waiting||2 лицо||you would have been waiting|
|3 лицо||he would have been waiting
she would have been waiting
|3 лицо||they would have been waiting|
В настоящее время глагол would нередко сокращается с помощью апострофа (‘) и буквы d, которые ставятся после подлежащего (например, I’d). Однако, наряду с сокращенной, может использоваться и полная форма.
Для образования отрицательной формы используется частица отрицания not, которая ставится после слова would. Например:
- He told that his father would not have been leaving the city by the end of the month. – Он сказал, что его отец не уедет из города до конца месяца.
Чтобы задать вопрос в данном времени, используется вспомогательный глагол would, который ставится перед подлежащим на первом месте, если вопрос – общий или альтернативный, или после вопросительных слов, если вопрос – специальный. Сказуемое при этом будет выражено конструкцией have been + смысловой глагол с окончанием –ing.
- Would you have been waiting for us at the office by the evening? – Вы нас будете ждать в офисе к вечеру?
- Whom would you have been waiting by seven o’clock? – Кого вы будете ждать к семи часам?
Следовательно, данная форма времени содержит в себе окончание –ing, которое выражает продолженное время, а также вспомогательный глагол have, что является признаком совершенного времени. Однако в обыденной речи чаще всего используются либо будущее совершенное время, либо будущее продолженное, или, иногда, сложные предложения разбиваются на два простых. Это объясняется тем, что предложение содержит большое количество служебных слов и может быть затруднено для понимания собеседником (особенно в устной речи).
|Дополнительное упражнение по теме № 1|
|Complete the sentences putting the verbs in brackets in the future perfect continuous tense in the past:|
|1.||You (wait) for more than two hours.|
|Answer: You would have been waiting for more than two hours.|
|2.||He (read) this book for 15 days by the end of this week.|
|Answer: He would have been reading this book for 15 days by the end of this week.|
|3.||By this time tomorrow, I (do) this exercise for a long time.|
|Answer: By this time tomorrow, I would have been doing this exercise for a long time.|
|4.||They (stand) for a whole day.|
|Answer: They would have been standing for a whole day.|
|5.||The famous artist (paint) the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.|
|Answer: The famous artist would have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.|
|6.||Farmers in Bali (grow) rice crops for 40 years by the end of last month.|
|Answer: Farmers in Bali would have been growing rice crops for 40 years by the end of last month.|
|7.||Some students (conduct) research for one year when the semester started last month.|
|Answer: Some students would have been conducting research for one year when the semester started last month.|
|8.||I was completely sure that on August 17, I (live) in this house for 10 years.|
|Answer: I was completely sure that on August 17, I would have been living in this house for 10 years.|
|9.||How long you (cook) when you cook for your in-laws?|
|Answer: How long would you have been cooking if you cooked for your in-laws?|
|10.||By 10 o’clock she (watch) TV for 4 hours.|
|Answer: By 10 o’clock she would have been watching TV for 4 hours.|
|11.||We (look for) him for 40 days by next Saturday.|
|Answer: We would have been looking for him for 40 days by next Saturday.|
|12.||I (to talk) for over two hours by the time my teacher arrives.|
|Answer: I would have been talking for over two hours by the time my teacher arrives.|
|13.||He will be tired when he arrives. He (travel) for 24 hours.|
|Answer: He will be tired when he arrives. He would have been travelling for 24 hours.|
|14.||By the next year, I (work) as a teacher for 30 years.|
|Answer: By the next year, I would have been working as a teacher for 30 years.|
|15.||She (sleep) for 10 hours by 11 o’clock.|
|Answer: She would have been sleeping for 10 hours by 11 o’clock.|
|16.||My son (be) in teaching for 10 years next month.|
|Answer: My son would have been in teaching for 10 years next month.|
|17.||In the fall, I (study) here for 2 years.|
|Answer: In the fall, I would have been studying here for 2 years.|
|18.||We (save) money for many years, by the time you need to go to college.|
|Answer: We would have been saving money for many years, by the time you need to go to college.|
|19.||After this week, you (to train) for three months.|
|Answer: After this week, you would have been training for three months.|
|20.||On Thursday, I (fix) the car for a whole month!|
|On Thursday, I would have been fixing the car for a whole month!|
|Дополнительное упражнение по теме № 2|
|Choose the correct answer:|
|1.||By the time we get to Chicago this evening, we ___ more than four hundred miles. We are going to be exhausted.|
|a. will have been driving||b. will have driven||c. would have been driving|
|2.||When Sarah goes on vacation next month, she ___ German for over two years.|
|a. would have been studying||b. will have been studying||c. will have studied|
|3.||I thought that we ___ the house for 5 hours.|
|a. will have cleaned||b. will have been cleaning||c. would have been cleaning|
|4.||I have not traveled much yet; however, I ___ the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States.|
|a. would have been visiting||b. will have visited||c. will have been visiting|
|5.||She ___ golf for three hours by the time she finishes the round.|
|a. will have been playing||b. would have been playing||c. will have played|
|6.||I was sure I ___ the project by Friday.|
|a. will have been sending||b. will have sent||c. would have been sending|
|7.||By the time you finish studying, you ___ all twelve tenses including their passive forms.|
|a. would have been mastering||b. will have been mastering||c. will have mastered|
|8.||By that time, he ___ for 12 hours.|
|a. would have been working||b. will have been working||c. will have worked|
|9.||They ___ breakfast by the time he gets up.|
|a. will have been eating||b. would have been eating||c. will have eaten|
|10.||Speed up! If you don’t hurry up, she ___ the baby by the time we get to the hospital.|
|a. would have been having||b. will have had||c. will have been having|
|11.||We ___ the top before noon.|
|a. will have reached||b. would have been reaching||c. will have been reaching|
|12.||I knew that by the time she got there, we ___ for her for two hours.|
|a. will have waited||b. will have been waiting||c. would have been waiting|
|13.||Jane ___ for an hour by the time you arrive.|
|a. will have sung||b. will have been singing||c. would have been singing|
|14.||By then, I ___ my history essay and we can go see a movie.|
|a. will have been completing||b. would have been completing||c. will have completed|
|15.||When I am sixty, I ___ houses for thirty years.|
|a. will have been building||b. will have built||c. would have been building|
|16.||By 5 o’clock I __ my car.|
|a. would have been washing||b. will have washed||c. will have been washing|
|17.||In June, my grandmother and grandfather ___ married for fifty years.|
|a. will have been||b. would have been being||c. will have been being|
|18.||How long ___ here by the end of this year?|
|a. would she have been working||b. would she have worked||c. will she have worked|
|19.||I ___ in this company for ten years next week if I were not fired last month.|
|a. would have been working||b. will have been working||c. will have worked|
|20.||When you arrive, we ___ in the classroom for 2 hours already.|
|a. will have sat||b. will have been sitting||c. would have been sitting|